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The local varieties marcona, largueta, común europea, kerman/Pistachia terebintus (cornicabra), excel at their good taste, and their adaptation to dry conditions.

Almonds

The crop

Inyan commercialise organic almonds variety marcona and largueta which have particular good taste. These varieties are grown without irrigation at locations 800m above sea level in the Almeria province, within an environment of high biodiversity and without plastics.

Almonds were a nut originally from Asia minor, brought to the Iberian peninsula by the Romans. In Spain, more than 100 varieties have been catalogued which are usually sold under the brand name ‘comuna’. They are different in size, shape, flavour, ripeness, etc. Spain is the only country in the world to grow such varieties.

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Growing stages

Blossom

Almond trees are the earliest to blossom. In February, they first flowers are the varieties marcona and largueta. These need cross-pollination, which is the pollen from a nearby tree being carried by bees or wind. This is why both varieties are usually planted together.

The pollen of almond trees is quite heavy to be carried by wind so, bees can increase the production 20% in total.

The variety largueta has several blossoms in the same tree therefore, the possibilities of being pollinated and developing fruit are higher.

Adverse weather conditions such as fog or rain can have a negative effect in pollination because the insects don’t visit the flowers and wet pollen can’t be carried by wind.

Rippening

Largueta and marcona almonds take 7-8 months to develop from after pollination up to harvesting. (April till October)

During this period, the nut gains all its properties under the influence of air, water, soil and sun. They are also exposed to late frost, insects, fungi, lack of rain, hail or heavy showers, wind.

The risk of late frost usually lasts until the 15th of May. Stable soil fertility and permanent biodiversity are the key for the successful growing of almonds in dryland farming.

Soil cultivation

A stable soil fertility is essential for the organic crops to thrive. This is why the organic matter that is already available in the fields in incorporated into the soil, for example grass growing among crops, the peels discarded after harvesting and shredded waste from pruning.

Pest and disease control

Permanent biodiversity in the fields where organic crops grow can counteract or even suppress any pests and diseases that may attack the crop.<br />Any treatments applied are preventive measures that use organic approved compounds against fungi and to avoid pests outbreaks. Los tratamientos que se realizan se limitan a tratamientos preventivos con productos ecológicos para la prevención de hongos y controlar el foco de alguna plaga.

Harvest

Once the fruit is formed, the green peel surrounding the almond opens up. When all almonds are opened and dry the harvesting begins using a tractor-mounted tree shaker. This machine shakes the tree trunk, extends an umbrella shaped net to catch the almonds, and discards the outer peel which is left on the ground.

Average rates per tree for harvesting almonds in organic dryland crops are 1-2.5 kg of skin-on nuts without the peel. The proportion of kernel within almonds with shell is 20-25%.

Almonds with shell but without outer peel are laid out in the sun to reduce the kernel’s moisture levels before transporting and processing.

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Processing

Processing involves breaking up the shell and separate it from the kernel.

It is divided in 7 steps:

  1. Shell-on almonds are soaked in hot water to facilitate the process

  2. The shell is broken up using especial machines that work on low revs to avoid breaking the kernel

  3. Using cold air draughts, the kernel is separated form the shell (kernel is heavier)

  4. Lighter nuts go to an optical detector that differentiates by color the whole kernels and the broken ones

  5. Whole kernels are dried using hot air at 35 degrees until moisture is reduced back to original levels. The discarded shells are used to warm up the air.

  6. A visual check over the kernels is carried out manually to remove any shell remains or broken kernels.

  7. Kernels are put in a cold room to guarantee optimal conditions during storage until they are sold.

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Packaging

There are different formats available to satisfy customer demands.<br />Inyan considers the package the nut’s second skin which makes possible to showcase all properties of almonds, walnuts and pistachios. For the packaging, biodegradable and compostable materials are chosen in 225 g, 700 g, 10 kg and 25 kg formats. They guarantee that the product is preserved and make possible selling loose nuts by weight. This kind of materials require the packaging to be done manually.

Walnuts

Inyan commercialise organic walnuts of the common European variety without irrigation which gives them extraordinary nutritional properties and flavour.

It is grown in the Murcia plateau at 1000m above sea level in a high diversity environment.

Growing

Walnuts are a nut originally from Asia which was brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Romans. Traditionally in Spain, farmers have used the local European common variety which has a hard shell in irrigation to complement the production of vegetables.

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Life cycle

Walnut trees produce catkins between march and april. Male and female flowers are in the same tree, and pollination is done by the wind. In the same crop, different varieties are interplanted to facilitate cross pollination.

Adverse weather can have an impact at this stage, particularly strong winds.

Fruit formation

Fruit ripening take 6-7 months from pollination to harvest (April - November) During this period, the fruit acquires all its properties under the combined effect of air, water, soil, light and heat. Up until harvest, the organic walnuts are exposed to late frost, insects, harmful fungi, drought, hail or heavy showers, and strong winds.

Soil fertility and permanent biodiversity are the key to the success of organic crops in dryland farming.

The risk of late frosts usually lasts until the 15th of May.

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Soil cultivation

The purpose of cultivating the soil is mainly to maintain a good level of organic matter which provides fertility and water retention.

To achieve this, compost is added and a herd of sheep is let to graze among the walnut trees. From April, a superficial grading is carried out to limit grass competition for water.

Pest and disease control

Pest and disease control is limited to applying copper to prevent fungal attacks. Other pests are self-regulated by the agroecosystem.

Harvesting

When the nut is ripe and the harvesting time is near the green outer skin surrounding the walnut opens up. Harvesting is done with a tractor mounted tree shaker. This machine shakes the tree trunk, extends an umbrella shaped net to catch the walnuts

Average rates for organic walnut crops in dryland farming are Kg. La proporcion de pepita contenida en las almendras con cáscara es de un 20-25%.

Skin-on walnuts are laid out in the sun to reduce moisture levels in the kernel before it is cleaned of the skin.

Pruning

After harvesting, pruning begins. This is a very important operation to obtain a tree crown that optimizes the use of water, soil, aire, light and heat, in such a way competition among branches is reduced and to get good air circulation in the tree crown. Pruned off branches are shredded and incorporated into the soil

Processing

Dry walnuts are calibrated then the shell is broken with shelling machine. Any shell remains are removed by hand then the nuts are classified in halves, quarters and bits.

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Packaging

For the packaging, biodegradable and compostable materials are chosen in 225 g, 700 g, 10 kg and 25 kg formats. They guarantee that the product is preserved and make possible selling loose nuts by weight. This kind of materials require the packaging to be done manually.

Nutritional properties

Walnuts are remarkable for their high content of proteins, fibre, vitamin E, magnesium, and omega-3 fatty acid. Therefore, it is and ideal food for vegetarian diets and those which aim to lose weight and prevent chronic diseases.

Pistachios

Pistachio has been recently introduced in the Iberian Peninsula from Asia Minor. The climatic conditions in Castilla-La Mancha region are ideal for this crop.

The singularity of organic pistachio Inyan is that it has been grafted into a native species from the Mediterranean region, Pistachia terebintus, also known as lentisco. This rootstock provides a slow growth but high resistance to drought and a flavour that reminds of pine nuts.

“A lot of small people, in small places, doing small things, can change the world” - Eduardo Galeano

Ecology

In Cultidiversa, we are committed with organic farming and environmental sustainability in every aspect and stage within our product range Inyan.

Promotion and restoration of biodiversity are the foundation of an organic model that is sustainable in the long term. Innovation applied to new materials, technology and methods

The higher cost of organic and sustainable products compared to the conventional ones has to do with the cost of these new technology, materials and methods, because sustainability is always put first, before productivity.

What is the cost of the catastrophic effects of climate change?

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What is the cost for our health that harmful chemical cause, when used in cheap food production?

What is the cost of cleaning up oceans, rivers and air from plastic and micro-plastic?

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Biodiversity

Organic agriculture preserves and increases biodiversity in the farming environment and mitigates the impact of climate change. This is why the Inyan range products are certified as organic and have been grown in an environment of high biodiversity.

Residues

Food production is currently the second most polluting industry, and it generates an enormous amount of non biodegradable plastic. Recently in the Pacific ocean, an island of plastic the size of the USA has been found and dubbed the seventh continent.

Non biodegradable plastics break up in ever smaller pieces of microplastic which can be found in the guts of fish, molluscs, and even in human urine.

Microplastics are a potential hazard to our health not only because of the components they are made of but also the chemicals that can get attached to the surface from the surrounding environment.

Therefore, it is essential to reduce plastic use in the food industry by shopping loose items or packing them in biodegradable containers which can decay in a short time span. The number of shops and supermarkets offering these new packaging for a wide range of products is increasing.

In Inyan, we have available formats of 5, 10 and 25 kg to make the packaging of loose nuts easier.

All packaging for smaller formats like 225g and 1kg are 100% biodegradable, and also guarantee the good quality of the product for the customer.

Climate change

The excessive use and burning of these fossil fuel has caused an increase of CO2 to the same levels of the Pliocene period, when the temperature in Earth was 2-3 degrees warmer and the sea level was 10-20 m higher.

It is necessary to reduce the emission of gases that cause greenhouse effect and increase the areas of forest that can absorb excess CO2.

This is why in Inyan we have calculated the CO2 that inevitably is generated in the production, transformation, and packaging of the nuts we commercialise. We compensate it by investing in forest planting in the Iberian peninsula.

Nutrition

A balanced varied diet is essential for a healthy lifestyle that is sustainable in the long term

Almonds, walnuts and pistachios Inyan are an organic sustainable source of vegetable proteins, fibre, calcium, magnesium, iron, healthy fats, and antioxidants: vitamin E and polyphenols.

Walnuts are one of the vegetable sources richest in omega 3, and the european variety contains high levels of polyphenols.

Almonds and pistachios contain high levels of omega 9 and vitamin E that is similar to olive oil.

The next table provides detailed nutritional values found in an analysis of the nuts commercialised by Inyan for a daily recommended intake of 30 g of nuts (6 almonds, 6 walnuts, 10 pistachios)

Información nutricional para 100 g

AlmondsWalnutsPistachios
Energy (Kcal)194,7206,1167,1
Fat (g) (90% are healthy)17,419,4713,332
Carbohydrates (g)1,020,814,71
Protein (g)6,455,856,18
Fibre (g)2,72,073,09
Vitamin E (mg)4,7046,78
Magnesium (mg)74,13938,1
Calcium (mg)71,43636,3
Omega 3 (g)0,0092,2530,108
Omega 6 (g)4,45513,8994,146
Omega 9 (g)9,243,5856,951
Polyphenol0,678

Percentage of Recommended Daily Intake according to EU Regulation No 1169/2011

AlmondsWalnutsPistachios
Energy (Kcal)10%10%8%
Fats (g) (90% are healthy)25%28%19%
Carbohydrates0%0%2%
Protein13%12%12%
Fibre
Vitamin E39%57%
Magnesium20%10%10%
Calcium9%5%5%

According to their nutritional properties, the following positive impacts have been proved:

  1. The perfect complement to a diet low or absent on animal protein

This is because of the high proportion of vegetable proteins mainly in the form of essential amino acids.

  1. They contribute to weight loss

High levels of fibre which is contained in the skin, stimulates the feeling of fullness. It has been proved it helps to lose weight if controlled amounts are eaten daily

The calories in almonds, walnuts and pistachios come mainly from healthy fats. Several studies have proved that fats from nuts are not well absorbed in the intestines.

  1. Reduce sugar levels in blood

Magnesium and antioxidants help control sugar in blood. Several studies have proved that eating pistachios help reduce sugar levels.

  1. Antioxidant activity

Food rich in vitamin E, vitamin C, carotenoids, and other substances with antioxidant properties such as polyphenols help protect the Oxidative Stress caused by free radicals.

It is one of the best ways to reduce risk of suffering chronic non-transmittable diseases such as diabetes, cancer, multiple sclerosis, alzheimer, etc.

  1. Prevention against cancer

Polyphenols have an important anti-carcinogenic action.

  1. Prevention of heart diseases

Phenolic compounds protect from oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), therefore preventing multiple sclerosis and the formation of an atheromatous plaque in the arteries.

They can also prevent thrombosis and embolism.

  1. Vitamin E helps fighting ageing

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